Arterial hypertension

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Arterial hypertension (high blood pressure, hypertension)is a persistent increase in blood pressure more than 140/90 mm Hg. Hypertension - one of the most common diseases of the cardiovascular system. It was found that hypertension affects 20-30% of the adult population. With age, the prevalence of the disease increases and reaches 50-65% in persons over 65 years. Essential hypertension is 90-95% of cases of hypertension. In other cases secondary, symptomatic arterial hypertension diagnosed: kidney (nephrogenic) - 3-4%, endocrine - 0.1-0.3%, hemodynamic, neurologic, stress due to intake of certain substances (iatrogenic) and hypertension during pregnancy, at which increase in blood pressure is one of the symptoms of the underlying disease. Hypertension caused by intake of dietary supplements and medicines highlights among iatrogenic hypertension.